The Discflo (tm) pump is manufactured by Discflo Corporation. It uses LAMINAR FLOW to achieve a low-maintenance pump which is virtually impervious to clogging, making it ideal for many wastewater industry applications.
Laminar Flow is a smooth, gentle flow, without abrupt changes in direction or pressure. By utilizing this flow, the pump surfaces ("rotary discs") are not damaged as much as with other pumps, because the liquid nearest them is flowing at nearly the same speed as the "rotary disc" surface itself.
Depending on the number of teeth, the "idler" gear might be driven directly by the "drive" gear. Generally with six or more teeth this is possible. In other cases an extra gear external to the pump drives the secondary gear at the same rate.
The teeth on Gear Pumps can be spur (straight), helical (slanted), herringbone, etc. There can be two, or more teeth on each gear -- twenty is not uncommon. The diameter of the gears and their thickness varies widely.
The many variations have different effects on the efficiency, strength, smoothness and other areas of operation.
This pump will pump in the reverse direction if you reverse the direction of rotation of the gears. Two pairs of valves can be added to make this a Reversing Gear Pump, which pumps in the same direction regardless of which direction the gears rotate.
The number of blades can vary from 1 to 10 or more. They operate over a wide speed range -- from less than 30 to more than 3000 RPM.
Impeller pumps are excellent for moving impure liquids since they do not clog very easily. For very impure liquids such as sludge, a single blade is sometimes used.
Impeller pumps range in diameter from less than a quarter inch to 10 feet or more. Sometimes they have diffusers to increase efficiency.
Sometimes the output of one impeller is fed directly into another impeller to increase the head. As many as six or ten might be linked together, or connected in two facing sets to double the output and even the pressures on the shaft and pump casing.
Above the surface would be a standard impeller-diffuser type pump. The output of the diffuser is split, and half to three-fourths of the water is sent back down the well through the Pressure Pipe.
At the end of the pressure pipe the water is accelerated through a cone-shaped nozzle at the end of the pressure pipe. Then the water goes through a Venturi in the Suction Pipe.
The Venturi has two parts: the Venturi Throat, which is the pinched section of the suction tube; and above that is the Venturi itself which is the part where the tube widens and connects to the suction pipe.
The Venturi speeds up the water causing a pressure drop which sucks in more water through the intake at the very base of the unit. The water goes up the Suction Pipe and through the impeller -- most of it for another trip around to the Venturi.
The Quimby Screw Pump is a type of screw pump.
The pump forms hollow cavities which contain the fluid and move it along the screws. One screw is the drive screw and the other screw or screws is/are driven by the drive screw.
Turbine pumps typically have a high head and high discharge pressure for their size and speed. It is not uncommon for turbine pumps to produce heads over 1000 feet, at relatively low RPM compared with other pumps.
This high head from a single rotating impeller is caused by the unique operation of the pump.
As fluid goes from intake to discharge (in just under one revolution) it circulates around and around. Each time it passes the turbine blades it gains additional pressure.
For relatively low flow rates this pump is often more efficient than a comparably-sized centrifugal pump.
This pump is commonly used for clean fluids of low viscosity because of the close tolerances needed between the blades of the turbine and the casing.
Power steering units often rely on a vane pump to obtain the pressure needed for the Power Cylinder. Automatic transmissions often use them too.
The vanes are in slots in the rotor. When the rotor spins, centrifugal force pushes the vanes out to touch the casing, where they trap and propel fluid. Sometimes springs also push the vanes outward.
When the vanes reach the return side they are pushed back into the rotor by the casing. Fluid escapes through a channel or groove cut into the casing, shown here on the lower right side in black.
On a vane pump there is considerable unbalanced force on the drive shaft, since the high-pressure, outlet area is all on one side. Vane pumps can be designed in balanced configurations where there are two inlet and two outlet ports, similar to balanced gear pumps.
A volute is a curved funnel increasing in area to the discharge port. It is often used with impeller pumps. As the area of the cross-section increases, the volute reduces the speed of the liquid and increases the pressure of the liquid.
One of the main purposes of a volute casing is to help balance the hydraulic pressure on the shaft of the pump. However, this occurs best at the manufacturer's recommended capacity. Running volute-style pumps at a lower capacity than the manufacturer recommends can put lateral stress on the shaft of the pump, increasing wear-and-tear on the seals and bearings, and on the shaft itself.
This cutaway of a 'high-end' magnetic drive pump shows the volute wrapping around the impeller at the top and bottom. The ring to the left of the upper part of the volute is for lifting the pump and is located at the balance point.
Each piston has a valve within it and another valve behind it. Fluid comes in on the wobble plate side and exits under pressure in the back .
The pistons are pushed against the wobble plate with large springs. A pair of smaller springs force the valves (small metal balls) closed. The spring inside the piston is fairly weak, since only suction is used to force it open.
This type of pump can develop incredible pressure -- 10,000 P.S.I. or more. It is commonly used for low-volume applications. Hand-operated wobble pumps were used as emergency fuel pumps on some early aircraft.
Compare this pump, also known as a "wabble" plate pump, to the radial piston pump, swash plate pump, and bent axis pump.